En+ will develop as a vertically integrated group, focused on two symbiotic, integrated segments: energy and aluminum production
En+ will develop as a vertically integrated group, focused on two symbiotic, integrated segments: energy and aluminum production," Chief Executive Officer Maxim Sokov said in an interview in Moscow. In addition, it’s expanding into power-hungry data centers with an eye to Chinese demand, he said.
The company, started in 2002, controls natural-resource assets in Russia including utility EuroSibEnergo OJSC, Siberian coal mines and 48 percent of aluminum maker United Co. Rusal, consumer of half the energy the group produces. In the past three years, En+ has been trying to transform itself from a mere holding company into an operating business, Sokov said.
In January, Deripaska said the company was planning an initial public offering soon. Sokov declined to comment, only saying the group "is considering various instruments, including public capital markets" to raise funds for refinancing. En+ aims to cut more than $5 billion of debt.
That represents around all of its borrowings not including Rusal’s. The debt’s predominately held by Russian banks, mostly maturing in 2021, Sokov said. Even though this is covered comfortably by group cash flow, En+ wants to reduce net debt to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization to the industry average of 3 in the next three to five years.
With among the world’s lowest operating costs, the company plans to leverage its hydropower to expand into other areas. The group has excess energy capacity, allowing it to boost output without additional investment, Sokov said.
New projects include Rusal’s Boguchany aluminum smelter, with a first phase commissioned, and its Taishet smelter. "The timeline for completing these projects will depend on aluminum prices but we hope they will become a reality in around five years," Sokov said.
En+ also plans to start up its first commercial data center, focused on cloud services, in Irkutsk in May and is considering building more in Siberia. At first, customers will be local but the company plans to enter the Chinese market with the help of its partners Huawei Technologies Co. and Centrin Data Systems.
The Russian company originally planned to open its first data center in 2015.
More demand for En+’s power may come from other companies in Eastern Siberia including MMC Norilsk Nickel’s Bystrinsky copper project and Polyus PJSC and Rostec State Corp.’s Sukhoi Log gold operation, Sokov said.